How to Treat Allergies?
In order to control an allergy, people must avoid any exposure to the allergen involved. Medication can be used, but not for the treatment of the allergy itself. Only the symptoms can be treated. Typical examples of these are sneezing, a runny nose and an itchy mouth. People can also take non-prescription medicine. However, this practice is not recommended, and allergic individuals should always ask a specialist (pharmacist or doctor) whether a drug is good for them or not.
What to take for allergies?
One of the methods of treatment is using antihistamines, which can cancel the effect of histamines in the body. It is known that chemicals called histamines are released when there is an allergen inside the body. There are different forms of this solution available, such as nasal sprays, eye drops, liquids, creams and tablets. For symptoms like nose irritation or swelling, nasal sprays can be used, as they can diminish these effects. If you want to use eye drops and sprays for your children, make sure you acquire the ones that are specifically meant for them, as some are good only for adults. You can ask a doctor about such recommendations.
A blocked nose can be “fixed” by using decongestants, but not in the long term. The common causes of such a problem can be allergies to dust or pets or hay fever. Decongestants can be found in the form of nasal sprays, tablets, liquids, or capsules. For inflammation and swelling of your airways, which is caused by a chemical called leukotriene, leukotriene receptor antagonists can be used. They are also good for treating asthma (check this article on asthma treatment if you want to know more). Another good option for nasal congestion and inflammation is the use of corticosteroid sprays. These sprays have a minimum body absorption, and any side effect is minimal because of this.
Immunotherapy, also known as hyposensitization, can be used for treatment, as it allows the allergen to get into the body gradually through multiple injections. These injections are made in the upper arm, usually once a week. The administered dose is larger every time, until the maintenance dose is reached. After this, results are seen, but the patient will still have to receive injections for about two years. Doctors do not recommend this technique unless the allergy is severe, such as a pet allergy or hay fever. Immunotherapy is also used for particular allergies like those caused by wasp stings or bee stings. Because there are risks of making things worse, the technique must only be performed under a doctor’s supervision.
What to do for allergies?
In severe cases in which people have an anaphylactic shock, adrenaline may have to be injected into the patient’s muscles. Allergic persons who already had anaphylactic shocks can obtain an auto-injection adrenaline kit for home use. In fact, the kit can be used anywhere the individual wants to go. In the United States, common brands of adrenaline kits are Anapen and EpiPen. Another option is wearing a medical information bracelet, as it can warn people in case of an anaphylactic shock, and an ambulance can be called. Read more allergy symptoms info here and more allergy and asthma info here.